Greenland Indbyggere: 56,452
Km2: 2,166,086 Religion: Cristian
Indbyggere i Nuuk: 13.000
Greenland Tilhører Continent: Europa
Greenland is a country in . - Visit Greenland and discover a land of beautiful and varied scenery, the people of Greenland are very friendly and no matter where you are, you meet always a friendly smile.In urban and rural areas, you will be welcomed with a special friendly atmosphere.
Danmark har 406 øer og 7314 km kyststrækning, og det højeste punkt i landet er kun 170 meter over havets overflade. Den gennemsnitlige vindhastighed er 7,6 meter i sekundet, og forklarer, hvorfor Danmark er et af verdens største eksportører af vindmøller
Attractions in the Kayak’s Homeland
Invented by the Inuits
The kayak – or qajaq as it is called in Greenland – is a genuine Inuit invention. Kayak rowers have paddled the Arctic waters for thousands of years. The experience acquired by the Inuits during this time has more than inspired contemporary kayak designers and rowers. There is therefore nowhere else in the world where it is more appropriate to row kayak than in Greenland.
Sea kayaking in Greenland requires experience
Sea kayaking in Greenland requires a lot of experience, suitable preparations and the right equipment. The water is cold and merciless if you are unfortunate enough to capsize. It is therefore vital to wear the right combination of clothes: preferably a complete dry-suit or a combination of a wet-suit and an anorak dry-suit. However, the correct clothing is not enough; thorough knowledge of essential skills such as rescuing your buddy, saving yourself, navigation and tides is also a must.
Renting and links
In most of the larger towns in Greenland it is possible to hire sea kayaks and equipment. A number of tour operators also organise guided day-trips in fjords or around archipelagos. Enquire at your travel agency if you are planning special kayak trips or even a dedicated kayak holiday.
Greenland kayak Activities
The Greenlandic kayak
The history and development of the kayak
The kayak – or ‘qajaq’ as it is called in Greenland – is an invention that is almost 4000 years old that has been an essential piece of hunting equipment for Inuits in Greenland and the rest of Arctic North America. The kayak has been used in connection with sealing, whaling and fishing, and it was common for Greenlandic boys to spend their childhood learning to keep their balance and manoeuvre the kayak. Today the traditional ‘qajaq’ is still seen in many towns and especially at the annual kayak meetings, but for recreational kayaking the more robust sea kayaks made of fibreglass have gradually taken the place of the traditional versions.
Traditional hunting from the kayak
The kayaks were adapted to the waters in which they were used, and there is therefore a great variation in terms of both the kayak’s design and construction method. Earlier the kayak was covered with sealskin from which the hair had been removed, but today they are primarily constructed with a nylon or canvas outer skin. In Greenland’s hunting districts such as at Qaanaaq there is still a requirement that whaling for narwhals must take place in the traditional manner – i.e. from a traditional qajaq with hand-thrown lances and spears – despite the fact that it is of course more effective to hunt with rifles and camouflage.
The cold Arctic seas could be lethal, as could the weather too. It was therefore essential that the hunter was properly prepared by being dressed in a waterproof animal skin suit and by always being able to execute the so-called ‘Greenlander roll’. From early childhood, the hunters therefore learnt and practised countless turns and rolls in the sea by means of their small oars in the event that they should suddenly capsize or turn over. In this way they could get out of almost all critical situations.
The construction of the kayak
Building a kayak was a job for both men and women. The man was responsible for the kayak frame, and the kayak was shaped precisely to his own body shape and not according to standard dimensions. The kayak construction itself consisted in former times of driftwood which was carried by the currents from Siberia’s rivers to the east and west coasts of Greenland. The women’s job was to sew the fabric together from 3-4 skins of the harp seal, which was stretched out over the frame – a perfect collaboration that created kayaks from which modern kayak designers still find inspiration.
We would greatly appreciate if you can supplement with more information, log in here.